korean international adoption first started at the end of the korean war in order to solve the problem of both war orphans and mixed-korean children. the part about life was shit for mixed race kids is true. but frankly life was shit for everyone in korea at the time, korea was destitute. adoption started in korea because americans first started to send $10 monthly donations to help war orphans. however, those organizations started to send sponsors photos and information on the children they were sponsoring and americans started to want to adopt those children, rather than just sponsor them. adoption agencies like holt were there to meet the supply/demand (and rake in a pretty penny at the same time).
It is estimated that overseas adoption contributed between $20 and 40 million in hard currency every year in the 1970s and 80s. At that time, if any Korean company exported even $1 million in goods, they were acknowledged by the government.
korea’s services for people with disabilities is lacking, as are most of their social welfare programs. during the economic development of korea, the government (military dictatorship) essentially decided that the best way to industrialize korea was to invest heavily into a few companies (chaebol) and have them lead the way. social welfare (or protection of society’s most vulnerable) was thrown to the wayside and has still failed to catch up. the korean “miracle on the han” economic development was built on the backs of the marginalized sectors of korean society. social welfare for the disabled is also dismal and the US and other countries have used that fact in order to argue that adoption needs to continue from korea. i disagree wholeheartedly. continuing to send for adoption only allows the korean government to keep ignoring the need to create and provide social welfare services - a never ending cycle. the sick thing is that american diplomats see children with disabilities as a negotiation chip in talks about adoption. i wrote before about my personal experience meeting a high-ranking diplomat and hearing that bullshit come directly from her mouth.
ugh, i skipped tumblr today but then just out of curiosity went back and checked on the north korean adoption post. big mistake.
hey, thanks for your message. this is awesome. i feel like we’re getting some momentum going here~^^ to be honest, i’ve been living in korea for the past SIX (god, i can’t believe it’s already been that long… i am oooooold) years, i’m a bit out of touch with the stuff going on in the states, but i do know a few adoptee activists that are really involved in the states that i can put you in touch with who can give you more concrete answers about what you can do there, if you’re serious about getting involved. if you’re interested, send me another personal message with contact info and i’ll pass it along to them~^^ (also, spreading awareness is always helpful… the majority of people are just unaware of the reality of the situation! support - no matter how small it may seem - of organizations like kumfa is also always welcome!)
yes, i would say that all korean adoption agencies follow these dishonest practices, to varying degrees (like i said, i think holt is the worst). but they ALL run unwed mothers facilities and they all make TONS of money (upwards of $15million/year) sending children for international adoption. is there not something creepy about an adoption agency that runs an unwed mothers’ home when we see that 90% of the children adopted both domestically and internationally are the children of unwed mothers. that is baby farming, pure and simple. (fun fact: only 37% of moms in unwed mothers facilities run by adoption agencies choose to raise their children, compared to 82% of moms who stay in non-adoption agency-run homes who choose to raise their kids . coincidence? i think not.)